"It is not only Indian culture.It is Prophet Muhammed Musthafa's (Saw) culture" Muhammad(P.B.U.H.) told that;
“ Two groups amongst My Ummah would be such, to whom Allah has freed from fire; One group would attack India & the Second would be that who would accompany Isa Ibn-e-Maryam(A.S.)”. (There is no options suddenly convert to islam)
Sorry I can't help you.there is no options. because there is no God.but Allah. definitely, Allah will Victory when ? Where ? How ? I don't know.but I know Allah will Victory
Lethal autonomous weapons (LAWs) are a type of autonomous military robot that can independently search and engage targets based on programmed constraints and descriptions. LAW are also called lethal autonomous weapon systems (LAWS), lethal autonomous robots (LAR), robotic weapons, or defence robots.
The contribution of Islamic civilization in the Golden Age of Islam resulted from the broad choices that the early Muslim community made. As swift conquerors of practically all of the Near East, the early Muslims refused to act either as victors who impose their religion and world-view on their subjects, or as inexperienced civilization-builders who “melt” into the sophisticated ancient civilizations of the indigenous populations. Instead, they permitted the indigenous populations—primarily, but not only, Jews and Christians—to keep their religions and traditions, placing them under the Qur’anic category of “people of scripture” (ahl al-kitab) who deserve protection (dhimmis), while they identified their own religion, Islam, and its language, Arabic, as their only non-negotiable sphere of identity; all other areas which did not conflict with this sphere they considered a legitimate source of inquiry and inspiration. This almost limitless openness, accompanied with great self-confidence, success, and prosperity of the carriers of the new faith, was the foundation on which Islamic civilization was based, and flourished in the Golden Age of Islam, with people of all kinds of ethnicities and religions participating in the construction of that civilization. The gradual acceleration of consensual conversion into Islam in the first centuries of Islam helped in homogenizing while enriching the base of that civilization, as did the quick dominance of Arabic language as a language of culture, to be joined by Persian from the tenth century onward. The foundation of cities like Basra and Kufa, Baghdad and Cairo, Cordoba and Fez, and the revivification of ancient ones, like Jerusalem and Damascus, created urban contexts for the flourishing of that civilization and allowed the construction of monuments expressive of their identity in them. The extended periods of peace allowed for the flow of trade and ideas across continents. The ideas of the past were also incorporated in this hub of cultural production, translating them into Arabic, and that past was extended to that of late antiquity—Greece—and of ancient Persia. In this context, even sectarian divisions within the Muslim community could be re-channeled in positive directions, with each sect enriching the fabric of religious culture, as could the debates between the various religious and ethnic groups.
In general, a civilization is the cumulative, lettered, urban tradition that is carried by literary high culture by a single language or a group of culturally related languages, and has sufficient continuity to allow for its specific designation as a civilization different from other human civilizations. When we speak about “Islamic civilization,” in particular, we mean the literary tradition that was produced in an Islamic context. This context can have several meanings: that the people who contributed to this tradition were Muslims; that they lived in the lands where the state, high culture, and symbols were Islamic, regardless of the religions they professed; that Islamic languages were used as a means of expressing this tradition, especially Arabic, Persian, and later Turkish; and that they belonged to a discipline whose origins are associated with the study of Islam.
The Golden Age of Islam, according to most historians, spanned the 8th to the 13th centuries -- a time that happens to coincide with the heart of the Dark Ages in Europe. This will become significant later. Under the Abbasid Dynasty, Islam spread throughout the Mediterranean, the Arabian Peninsula and North Africa. The Abbasids were inspired by verses from the Quran and Hadiths that emphasize the value of knowledge -- rather than just religious devotion -- and they strongly pushed for advances in science, art, and commerce.
The Golden Age is noted in particular for its general sense of tolerance and inclusivity. In Baghdad, the heart of the Caliphate, Christian and Jewish scholars were invited to join Muslim leaders to share ideas and information. These scholars were assigned to what amounts to state-sponsored research projects, including the Islamic world's first astronomical observatory. This center of knowledge in the capitol of the dynasty was known as the House of Wisdom.
During the Golden Age, physicians and philosophers wrote medical encyclopedias and text books that were used for centuries in the field of medicine. By the 10th century, a system of pharmacies was established among major Muslim cities and hospitals stayed open 24 hours a day. The Caliphate even established a kind of universal health care by prohibiting doctors from turning away the sick.
As the Dark Ages ravaged Europe, Islam produced countess works of art, science, literature, poetry and architecture. But you know what they say about all good things. In 1258, the Mongols sacked Baghdad and destroyed the House of Wisdom. Legend holds that so many books were thrown into the Tigris River that it ran black with ink.
The Caliphate was demolished. Had history played out differently, Islam might look very different indeed today. For more on the history of Islam, and its mystical traditions, clock on over to our feature on Sufism.
-- Glenn McDonald
There was a Golden Age to Islam once — a Muslim Renaissance so magnificent, famous, cosmopolitan and cerebral that it’s borders didn’t always bleed. While some European archaeologists refuse to believe the hype — not having excavated enough pottery shards — this era unequivocally produced some of the most enlightened thinkers throughout the Islamic Diaspora. Between the ninth and 13th centuries, the libraries in Baghdad (Bait al-Hikma), Damascus (al-Zahiriyah), Timbuktu (Sankoré), Cordoba (Royal Mosque) and Cairo (Dar al-Hikmah) contained more books, manuscripts and literature than in the entire Greek world. Thanks to China passing along the art of papermaking and the translating skills of travelers, these newborn Islamic scholars went on to become polymaths. They studied spherical trigonometry, agriculture, physics, medicine and science, using astrolabes to measure the altitude of stars while setting up sophisticated astronomical observatories. While Europe was dwindling away from the Dark Ages and the Church was busying itself replacing science with superstition, these Islamic scholars were setting up psychiatric hospitals, correcting Ptolemy, determining the circumference of the Earth while Rhazes produced sulfuric acid and could distinguish whether you had smallpox, chicken pox or measles. Abulcasis was a gynecologist/dentist and Egyptian patients could refill their pharmacy prescriptions at the Qalawun Hospital in Cairo, a facility that offered American liberal’s much sought after universal health care. Aristotle, the Greek “master of those who know” was at the top of Averroes and Avicenna’s reading list, while some Islamic philosophy paradoxically bordered on secular humanist thought — with literacy rates that would put the modern day Muslim World to shame. Speaking of literature, two and a half words: Sinbad and Ali-Baba. They became known throughout history as the “Father’s of Algebra“ with a little help from Diophantus, Aryabhatta, Archimedes, Baudhayana, Hippocrates, Chang Tshang and the Rhind Papyrus (I’m not going to enter that debate in this article), but indeed Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg can thank al-Khwarizmi for his employment of the word “algorithm.”
“Logic must be learned from the ancient masters, regardless of the fact that they were not Muslims.” Ibn Rushd (Averroes)
Electrochemical sensors or cells are most commonly used in the detection of toxic gases like carbon monoxide, chlorine and nitrogen oxides. They function via electrodes signals when a gas is detected. Generally, these types of detectors are highly sensitive and give off warning signals via electrical currents.
An optical smoke alarm (also called photo-electric smoke alarm) works using the light scatter principle. The alarm contains a pulsed Infra red LED which pulses a beam of light into the sensor chamber every 10 seconds to check for smoke particles.
Another forensic device detects chemicals present in bombs by concentrating the air collected from a target location. The air is drawn through a filter, where explosive chemicals collect, due to their tendency to be heavier than the air molecules around them. The filter is analyzed using ion mobility spectrometry.
Ground-based missile defense uses a complex system of radar, satellites, and interceptors to destroy incoming missiles. Enlarge for a step-by-step explanation.
In practice, the system struggles to reliably destroy target missiles during test runs, and is not equipped to manage countermeasures. These issues stem from fundamental problems with how the system is managed, and with how missile defense technology works.
How Does Missile Defense Work?
Interceptor being launched
What if North Korea or Iran launched a nuclear missile aimed at the United States? Could we prevent it from arriving?
That’s the basic motivation behind US homeland missile defense, a complex system of ground-based radars, satellite sensors, and interceptor missiles designed to destroy incoming warheads. If the system operated as promised, sensors would track intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBMs) throughout their launch and flight. Interceptor missiles based in Alaska and California would then collide with and destroy the incoming weapons.
Automobile engineering, along with aerospace engineering and marine engineering, is a branch of vehicle engineering, incorporating elements of mechanical, electrical, electronic, software and safety engineering as applied to the design, manufacture and operation of motorcycles, automobiles and trucks and their respective engineering subsystems. It also includes modification of vehicles. Manufacturing domain deals with the creation and assembling the whole parts of automobiles is also included in it.The automotive engineering field is research -intensive and involves direct application of mathematical models and formulas. The study of automotive engineering is to design, develop, fabricate, and testing vehicles or vehicle components from the concept stage to production stage. Production, development, and manufacturing are the three major functions in this field.
Automotive technology is the practical application of knowledge about self-propelled vehicles or machines. Students studying automotive technology learn about engine construction, fuel and ignition systems, power trains, brakes, transmissions, electronic and diagnostic equipment, and more.
It can also be considered as a sub-branch of mechanical engineering that has split from the main branch focusing on the automotive field of study. Automobile engineering focuses on the cars. It specifically deals with the designing of cars, operations in production of cars, designing of engines and fuel management.
Automotive engineering is the design, manufacture and operation of motorcycles, automobiles and trucks and their respective engineering subsystems. Automotive engineering is one of the most exciting professions you can choose.
Automobile Engineering is a branch of engineering which deals with designing, manufacturing and operating automobiles. It is a segment of vehicle engineering which deals with motorcycles, buses, trucks, etc. It includes mechanical, electrical, electronic, software and safety elements.
The automotive industry is a wide range of companies and organizations involved in the design, development, manufacturing, marketing, and selling of motor vehicles, some of them are called automakers. It is one of the world's most important economic sectors by revenue. The automotive industry does not include industries dedicated to the maintenance of automobiles following delivery to the end-user, such as automobile repair shops and motor fuel filling stations.
The term automotive was created from Greek autos (self), and Latin motivus (of motion) to represent any form of self-powered vehicle. This term was proposed by Elmer Sperry.